Income Tax Deduction Under Section 80C AY 2023-24

Income Tax

A wise man once said, “In this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes”. However, the astute and prudent investor knows there’s a silver lining to this tax cloud – Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Understanding Section 80C and its implications can be a game-changer for your financial planning. It could be the difference between waving goodbye to a significant chunk of your income and keeping that money safely in your pocket.

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on this topic, designed to help you navigate the labyrinth of tax planning. So, buckle up, and let’s embark on a journey to explore the nuances of Section 80C.

What is Section 80C?

Section 80C, the most popular term during tax filing season, but what is it exactly? Here’s the scoop.

Section 80C is a provision in the Indian Income Tax Act that allows taxpayers to reduce their taxable income, and therefore their tax liability, by making certain investments or expenditures. This section is a cornerstone of tax-saving provisions and offers deductions up to Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum.

When you utilize Section 80C deductions, you’re essentially lowering the total slice of your income that can be taxed. And less taxable income, of course, means less tax. It’s like the tax equivalent of a buy one, get one free sale. But in this case, it’s more of a “Invest one, save some tax” deal.

Let us take an example of tax saving for individuals with yearly salaries up to 20 lakhs.

Tax saving calculation for yearly income-20 lakhs

Gross Salary2,000,000
Children education and hostel allowance9,600
Standard Deduction50,000
Professional Tax2400
Taxable Salary Income
Less: Deductions
80C (Refer Note below)150,000
Net Taxable Income14,51,500
Tax on the above income2,57,868
Rebate u/s 87ANot applicable
Total Tax2,57,868
Apart from this, you can also claim these tax deductions if eligible:
Interest on home loan EMIs under Section 24b-2,00,000
Principal amount of the home loan under section 80EEA-1,50,000
National Pension Scheme (NPS) investments u/s 80CCD(1B)-50,000

Now that you understand what Section 80C is and how it can impact your tax liability, it’s time to delve deeper. There are several types of deductions you can claim under this section, each with its own benefits and criteria.

Stay tuned for the next part of the guide where we’ll be unraveling the intricacies of various deductions under Section 80C. Rest assured, by the end of this guide, you’ll have the knowledge to exploit Section 80C to its full potential, keeping your hard-earned money where it belongs – with you.

Types of Deductions Under Section 80C

Section 80C is like an all-you-can-eat buffet of tax deductions. There’s something for everyone – deductions on savings schemes, investment schemes, and even certain expenses. But remember, there’s a cap of Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum – so choose wisely.

Deductions on Savings Schemes

Now, let’s talk about savings schemes. Remember when your mom used to hide away some cash for a rainy day? This is the same concept, just with a tax-saving twist. Several savings schemes qualify for deductions under Section 80C, including Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificates (NSC), and 5-year fixed deposits with banks and post offices. By investing in these schemes, you can get deductions while growing your wealth securely.

Deductions on Investment Schemes

Next up, we have investment schemes. If you’re a risk taker who believes in ‘high risk, high reward’, this might be your playground. Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), and even life insurance premiums can be claimed for deductions under Section 80C. These investments might be risky, but they can yield substantial returns and save you some tax.

Deductions on Certain Expenses

Last but not least, we have deductions on certain expenses. Yes, you read that right – expenses. This isn’t about spending money on luxury items, though. We’re talking about tuition fees for your children’s education, repayment of home loan principal, and contributions towards Employee Provident Fund (EPF). It’s about spending wisely on necessities and earning deductions along the way.

Section 80C – Tax Deduction on Savings Schemes

Section 80C offers deductions on a variety of savings schemes. These schemes not only encourage the habit of saving among taxpayers but also provide them with financial security.

List and Explanation of Eligible Savings Schemes

Eligible savings schemes include the Public Provident Fund (PPF), a government-backed, long-term investment scheme with attractive interest rates. The National Savings Certificate (NSC) is another scheme which is secure and low-risk. Lastly, 5-year fixed deposits with banks and post offices are also eligible for Section 80C deductions. It’s like having your cake and eating it too – secure your future and save on taxes simultaneously.

80C Investment OptionLock In PeriodReturnRiskTaxability
PPF15 Years7.1%Risk FreeInterest: Exempt Withdrawal : Exempt
SSY21 Years8.4%Risk FreeInterest: Exempt Withdrawal : Exempt
ELSS3 Years12-15% (approx)RiskyDividend is exempt
FD5 Years7-8% (approx)Risk FreeInterest is taxable
NSC5 Years7.7%Risk FreeInterest is taxable
SCSS5 Years8.6%Risk FreeInterest is Taxable
ULIP5 Years8-10% (approx)RiskyReturns are taxfree subject to certain conditions taxable
NPSTill Retirement7-8% (approx)Risk FreeReturn : Partially exempt

How These Deductions Reduce Taxable Income

When you invest in these savings schemes, the amount you invest (up to Rs. 1.5 lakh) is deducted from your gross income. This reduces your total taxable income and, as a result, reduces your tax liability. It’s like using a coupon to get a discount on your tax bill.

Section 80C – Tax Deduction on Investment Schemes

Not everyone likes playing it safe. If you’re someone who likes to dabble in the stock market and invest in insurance, you’re in luck. Section 80C provides deductions on investment schemes too.

List and Explanation of Eligible Investment Schemes

Eligible investment schemes include Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), where a majority of your funds are invested in equities. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), a mix of insurance and investment, and life insurance premiums also offer deductions under Section 80C. Remember, while these investments can offer substantial returns, they also carry higher risk. It’s all about finding the right balance between risk and reward.

Understanding the Potential of Investments in Reducing Tax

By investing in these schemes, you can reduce your taxable income and potentially earn higher returns. But remember, the total deductions under Section 80C are capped at Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum. So plan your investments wisely.

Section 80C – Tax Deduction on Expenses

Wait, did someone say tax deductions on expenses? Yes, indeed. You can claim deductions for certain expenses under Section 80C.

Eligible Expenses for Deductions

Expenses eligible for deductions include tuition fees paid for your children’s education, principal repayment of home loan, and contributions towards Employee Provident Fund (EPF). So, while you’re spending money on these necessities, you can also save some tax.

The Role of Eligible Expenses in Tax Saving

These expenses, when tallied, can amount to substantial figures. By claiming these as deductions, you can significantly lower your taxable income and save on your tax bill. It’s like getting a rebate on your spending.

Next up, we’ll be looking at how to calculate your deduction limit under Section 80C. So, keep your calculators ready and stay tuned!

How to Calculate Deduction Limit Under Section 80C?

Calculating your deduction limit under Section 80C isn’t rocket science, but it does involve some number crunching. Fear not, we’re here to help!

Calculation Method and Examples

Section 80C puts a limit on your deductions – Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum. You can reach this limit through any combination of eligible investments and expenses. It’s like a tax-saving buffet, you can pick and choose what suits you best.

For example, let’s say you have paid Rs. 50,000 towards your children’s tuition fees and invested Rs. 60,000 in ELSS. Add to that a premium of Rs. 30,000 for life insurance, and voila! You’ve hit the Rs. 1.4 lakh mark, just shy of the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit.

Remember, the deductions are from your gross total income, lowering your overall taxable income. So, if your gross total income is Rs. 10 lakh, and you’ve made eligible investments and expenses of Rs. 1.4 lakh, your taxable income now stands at Rs. 8.6 lakh.

Factors Affecting Your Deduction Limit

Your deduction limit under Section 80C can be influenced by a few factors. These include your total income, your financial goals, risk appetite, and your ability to invest or save. Remember, the aim is to maximise your tax savings without jeopardising your financial stability.

Subsections of Section 80C

You might be wondering, is there more to Section 80C? The answer is yes! Section 80C has various subsections, each offering more avenues to save tax.

Overview of Subsections

The primary subsections of Section 80C include 80CCC, which pertains to deductions for premiums paid for annuity plans, and 80CCD, which deals with contributions to pension funds.

Detailed Explanation of Each Subsection

Section 80CCC allows deductions for premiums paid for certain annuity plans. These plans must be for the individual taxpayer, and the deductions are included within the overall limit of Section 80C.

Section 80CCD allows for deductions for contributions to pension funds. This can be particularly beneficial for those planning for their retirement. But here’s the catch – while the individual contribution falls under the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit of Section 80C, the employer’s contribution is exempted and can be claimed separately up to 10% of salary.


Understanding and effectively utilising Section 80C can significantly lower your tax liability. Whether it’s savings schemes, investment schemes, or deductible expenses, you can strategically use these avenues to reduce your taxable income. The key is to find the right balance based on your income, expenditure, and financial goals.

Remember, knowledge is power. So empower yourself with this understanding of Section 80C and walk the path of financial wisdom. Here’s to a financially secure and tax-efficient future!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Maximum Deduction Limit Under Section 80C?

The maximum deduction limit under Section 80C is Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum.

Can I Claim Deductions for Both Savings and Investment Schemes?

Yes, you can claim deductions for both savings and investment schemes, as long as the total deduction does not exceed Rs. 1.5 lakh.

Are There Any Penalties for Incorrect Claims Under Section 80C?

Yes, if the Income Tax Department finds that you have claimed deductions for ineligible expenses or investments, you may be liable for penalties.

What are Some Common Mistakes to Avoid When Claiming Deductions?

Common mistakes include not providing accurate details of investments, claiming deductions for ineligible expenses, and exceeding the maximum deduction limit.

What are the Subsections of Section 80C and How do They Affect My Taxes?

The subsections of Section 80C include 80CCC and 80CCD. 80CCC allows for deductions on annuity plans, and 80CCD allows for deductions on contributions to pension funds. Both these sections help reduce your taxable income and thus, your tax liability.